The knee is our largest joint in the human body, and we rely on it for the major of features it provides and helps us do. Walking would be impossible without the knee, as would sitting down or standing up. The knee joint is made up of three major sections, the medial compartment, which is the inner portion of the knee, the lateral compartment, the outer portion of the knee, and the patellofemoral compartment, which is the portion of the knee between the kneecap and thighbone.
Causes for Knee Replacemnet
Degenerative injuries and diseases such as arthritis or other cartilage injuries can often cause disastrous results for the knee joint. Depending on the level of severity, NJOI’s expert surgeons will determine whether a partial or full knee replacement may be the best method of treatment. In a partial knee replacement, only the damaged section of the knee, either the medial, lateral, or patellofemoral, is removed and replaced, leaving the healthier parts of the knee in place.
A total knee replacement usually comes as a last resort, when all other treatments and options have been exhausted. During a total knee replacement, damaged cartilage, as well as bone from the surface of the knee joint, is removed from the knee region and is replaced with a prosthetic surface of smooth metal and plastic. Knee replacement surgery has been around for nearly 5 decades now, and has been perfected by medical professionals that it now has one of the highest success rates of all surgical procedures. Studies show that over 600,000 knee replacement surgeries are performed each year in the United States alone.