Hip Preservation Center
Hip Labral Tear
A hip labral tear is an injury to the labrum, the cartilage that surrounds the outside rim of your hip joint socket. The hip joint is a ball and socket joint in which the head of the femur is the ball and the pelvic acetabulum forms the socket. The labrum helps to deepen the socket and provide stability to the joint. It also acts as a cushion and enables smooth movements of the joint.
Loose bodies are small loose fragments of cartilage or a bone that float around the joint. The loose bodies can cause pain, swelling, locking and catching of the joint.
Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs most of ten in older people. This disease affects the tissue covering the ends of bones in a joint (cartilage). In a person with osteoarthritis, the cartilage becomes damaged and worn out causing pain, swelling, stiffness and restricted movement in the affected joint.
The cartilage of the hip is found between the femoral head of the thigh bone and the socket of the hip bone, or acetabulum. It’s this bodily material that cushions the hip joint for comfortable, day-to-day movement. By reducing friction – and bone on bone contact – cartilage is directly responsible for the hip’s range of motion capabilities. However, degeneration of the hip’s cartilage can inflict damage to the internal structure of the joint.