Physical therapy is one of the foremost necessary treatment modes of recovery for back pain. A referral to physical therapy is sometimes recommended by your spine surgeon. A physical therapist is a healthcare professional trained in facilitating movement and managing pain by safe stretching, conditioning, and strengthening exercise techniques. Patients are guided concerning the fundamental anatomy of the body and their mechanism of action. They are also instructed about various exercise regimens to extend activity level and strengthen the muscles. Most patients manage low back pain and associated symptoms with therapy and medications without surgical intervention.
Types of Physical Therapy
The two different forms of physical therapy include:
- Active physical therapy includes physical exercise or stretching, whereby the patients perform specific movements to stretch and strengthen the spine to reduce back pain and improve support.
- Passive physical therapy where certain therapeutic modalities are administered by a therapist.
The different modalities of passive physical therapy include:
- Hot or cold packs
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
- Spinal manipulation
- Aqua therapy.
These treatment options may be indicated depending on the type and severity of pain. Your physical therapist tailors a particular program based on your necessities and goals
People susceptible to back pain should avoid activities that exert excessive stress on the lower back or twisting movements in certain sports and weight lifting.
What are the expectations of physical therapy?
Your first visit will be an initial evaluation. Your therapist will review your condition/history and perform a physical examination. You may be asked to walk around, sit or stand to measure range of motion and strength. Be prepared to discuss your symptoms and what factors worsen or diminish your pain levels as this will help your therapist determine the nature of your problem and to determine your special care and focus.
Initial evaluation also includes postural assessment and a specific treatment plan is recommended. Make sure to ask questions if you are unsure of any of the instructions for your particular treatment plan.